Academic Articles

Academic Articles / Publications

“Anything that Causes Chaos”: The Organizational Behavior of Russia Today (RT)

Authors: Mona Elswah, Philip N Howard RT (formerly, Russia Today) is one of the most important organizations in the global political economy of disinformation. It is the most richly funded, well-staffed, formal organization in the world producing, disseminating, and marketing news in the service of the Kremlin. It is an […]

Academic Articles / Publications

Predicting Engagement with the Internet Research Agency’s Facebook and Instagram Campaigns around the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election

Authors: Dimitra Liotsiou, Bharath Ganesh, Philip N Howard Abstract The Russian Internet Research Agency’s (IRA) online interference campaign in the 2016 U.S. presidential election represents a turning point in the trajectory of democratic elections in the digital age. What can we learn about how the IRA engages U.S. audiences, ahead […]

Academic Articles / Publications

What to expect when you’re expecting robots: Futures, expectations, and pseudo-artificial general intelligence in UK news

Authors: J Scott Brennen, Philip N Howard, Rasmus K Nielsen Abstract Drawing on scholarship in journalism studies and the sociology of expectations, this article demonstrates how news media shape, mediate, and amplify expectations surrounding artificial intelligence in ways that influence their potential to intervene in the world. Through a critical […]

Academic Articles / Publications

Balancing Product Reviews, Traffic Targets, and Industry Criticism: UK Technology Journalism in Practice

Authors: J Scott Brennen, Philip N Howard, Rasmus K Nielsen Abstract Despite growing expectations that technology journalists serve as critical watchdogs of the technology industry, technology journalism remains under-studied in journalism studies. Drawing on the hierarchy of influences model to analyze semi-structured interviews with UK technology journalists and editors, this […]