Philip N. Howard is a professor and writer. He has written numerous empirical research articles, published in a number of disciplines, on the use of digital media for social control in both democracies and authoritarian regimes. He holds faculty appointments at the University of Washington and Oxford University, and is a fellow at Columbia University’s Tow Center for Digital Journalism. From 2013-15 he worked at Central European University in Budapest, where he helped found a new School of Public Policy and was Director of the Center for Media, Data and Society. He is the recipient of an ERC Consolidator award for his study of algorithms and public life. He investigates the impact of digital media on political life around the world, and he is a frequent commentator on global media and political affairs. His projects on social media bots, digital activism, global information access, and political Islam have been supported by the European Research Council, National Science FoundationUS Institutes of Peace, and Intel’s People and Practices Group. He has published eight books and over 100 academic articles, book chapters, conference papers, and commentary essays. His research spans several disciplines, and he is among a small number of scholars who have won awards from all three major academic associations for his work in political science, sociology, and communication. He is the author, most recently, of Pax Technica: How the Internet of Things May Set Us Free or Lock Us Up. His BA is in political science from Innis College at the University of Toronto, his MSc is in economics from the London School of Economics, and his PhD is in sociology from Northwestern University. He has held senior academic posts at Stanford, Princeton, and Columbia Universities. His website is, and he tweets from @pnhoward.

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