Policy Papers

Photo Credit:  Marina Noordegraaf
Policy Papers / Publications

Data Breaches in Europe 2005-2014

A growing number of massive data breaches are degrading the personal privacy of people around the world. Data security and privacy policy are ongoing concerns in Europe. But it can be difficult to assess privacy breaches in Europe in particular, since many of the biggest incidents of compromised personal records […]

Digital Activism and Non Violent Conflict
Policy Papers / Publications

Digital Activism and Non Violent Conflict

In order to analyze the relationships between digital activism and non violent conflict, we investigated thousands of campaigns from around the world and assembled protest event data more comprehensive than any previously collected. We define a digital activism campaign as an organized public effort, making collective claim(s) on a target […]

Does Social Media Make a Difference in Election Campaigns?  Digital Dividends in Brazil’s 2010 National Elections
Policy Papers / Publications

Does Social Media Make a Difference in Election Campaigns? Digital Dividends in Brazil’s 2010 National Elections

Over the past decade, digital and mobile media have significantly changed the system of political communication in Brazil. An increasing number of Brazilian candidates have begun to use websites and social networking applications as an integral part of their overall campaign efforts. To explore how these “new” media tools are […]

The Dictators’ Digital Dilemma: When Do States Disconnect Their Digital Networks?
Policy Papers / Publications

The Dictators’ Digital Dilemma: When Do States Disconnect Their Digital Networks?

When do governments decide to interfere with the Internet, and why? While many observers celebrate the creative use of digital media by activists and civil society leaders, there are a significant number of incidents involving government-led Internet shutdowns. Governments have offered a range of reasons for interfering with digital networks, […]